Palliative Care

and COVID-19

Resources relevant to Palliative Care and COVID-19

The International Association for Hospice and Palliative Care (IAHPC) has compiled this list of resources relevant to palliative care and COVID-19 published by academia, civil society organizations, member states and special agencies of the United Nations, with links to all of the websites and documents listed.

Compiled Briefing Notes with Introduction

# Webinar Date Webinar Slides Corresponding Briefing Note(s)
1 April 17 The impact of COVID-19 on palliative care and health systems and Issues specific to Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Resources, Cultural and Social issues The impact of COVID-19 on palliative care and health systems (slides)
  1. How Pandemics Affect Health Systems and Resource Allocation: Impact for Palliative Care
  2. Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic for Low and Middle-Income Countries
2 April 24 Access to palliative care during the COVID-19 pandemic: Ethical and Legal aspects Access to palliative care during the COVID-19 pandemic: Ethical and Legal aspects (slides)
  1. The COVID-19 Pandemic: Palliative Care and Human Rights
  2. Bio-ethical Principles, Practices and Recommendations Relevant to the COVID-19
  3. Global Availability of Internationally Controlled Essential Medicines
3 May 1 Clinical and Prevention Aspects in Covid-19. Palliative Care for patients with cancer in LMICs during Covid-19 Clinical and Prevention Aspects in Covid-19 (slides)
  1. Recommendations for Symptom Control of Patients with COVID-19
  2. Palliative Care for Patients with Cancer in Lower-and Middle-Income Countries
4 May 8 Holistic Care of Children, Symptom Control in Children with covid-19, Psychological and spiritual issues/needs and Voice of a mother Holistic Care of Children, Symptom Control (slides)
  1. Caring for Children with Underlying Serious Health Conditions During COVID-19 Pandemic
  2. Psychological and Spiritual Impact of COVID-19 on Children with Palliative Care Needs
  3. Symptom Control at the End of Life in Children with COVID-19 Infection
  4. The Social Impact of COVID-19 on Children with Palliative Care Needs and their Families
5 May 15 Suffering Alone & Grief/Bereavement Suffering Alone & Grief/Bereavement (slides)
  1. The Suffering of Isolated Patients and Families. The psychological and social implications of physical isolation for patients and families during the coronavirus pandemic.
  2. Grief and Bereavement for Family Members who Can't Visit their Sick Relatives or Attend Funeral Services
6 May 21 Palliative Care for Older People in the Context of Covid-19 Palliative Care for Older People in the Context of Covid-19 (slides)
  1. Palliative Care for Older Persons infected with COVID-19
7 May 28 How People with Pre-Existing Palliative Care Needs are Affected by the COVID-19 Pandemic How People with Pre-Existing Palliative Care Needs are Affected by the COVID-19 Pandemic (slides)
  1. How People with Pre-Existing Palliative Care Needs are Affected by the COVID-19 Pandemic
8 June 4 Palliative Care in Covid-19 for Persons with Disabilities and in Humanitarian Crises Palliative Care in Covid-19 for Persons with Disabilities and in Humanitarian Crises (slides)
  1. Palliative Care in Refugee Camps and Humanitarian Crises
  2. Meeting the Palliative Care needs of People with Physical and Intellectual Disabilities
9 June 11 Inter-Professional Spiritual Care and Self Care Inter-Professional Spiritual Care and Self Care (slides)
  1. Interprofessional Spiritual Care in the Time of COVID-19
  2. Self-Care for Caregivers during the Covid-19 Pandemic
10 June 18 The Role of Telemedicine in Delivering Palliative Care during the Covid-19 Pandemic The Role of Telemedicine in Delivering Palliative Care during the Covid-19 Pandemic (slides)
  1. The role of tele-medicine: Remote access to patients, caregivers and health workers
11 June 25 Valuing and Strengthening Palliative Nursing in the Time of COVID-19 Valuing and Strengthening Palliative Nursing in the Time of COVID-19 (slides)
  1. “Leaving No One Behind”: Valuing & Strengthening Palliative Nursing in the time of COVID-19
12 July 2 Advocating for Integration of Palliative Care into National COVID-19 Responses Advocating for Integration of Palliative Care into National COVID-19 Responses (slides)
  1. Advocating for Integration of Palliative Care into National COVID-19 Responses: Challenges and Successes
13 July 9 Persons experiencing homelessness, Detainees, and LBGT+ People Persons experiencing homelessness, Detainees, and LBGT+ People (slides)
  1. Palliative Care for LGBT+ People in the Time of COVID-19
  2. Vulnerable Populations in Covid-19: Palliative Care for Detainees in Custodial Settings
  3. Palliative Care for those Experiencing Homelessness in the Time of COVID-19
14 July 16 Risks, Challenges, and Opportunities for Fundraising during the Pandemic. Closing remarks - Global Palliative Care and COVID -19 Series Risks, Challenges, and Opportunities for Fundraising during the Pandemic (slides) Briefing Note coming soon.

  1. Abbott J, Johnson D, Wynia M. Ensuring Adequate Palliative and Hospice Care During COVID-19 Surges. JAMA 2020. 324(14): 1393-1394 doi:10.1001/jama.2020.16843
  2. Abel J, Kellehear A, Millington Sanders C, Taubert M, Kingston H. Advance care planning re-imagined: a needed shift for COVID times and beyond. Palliative Care & Social Practice 2020, Vol. 14: 1–8 DOI: 10.1177/ 2632352420934491
  3. Abu-Odah, H., Molassiotis, A. & Liu, J. Challenges on the provision of palliative care for patients with cancer in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review of reviews. BMC Palliat Care 19, 55 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12904-020-00558-5
  4. Adams C. Goals of Care in a Pandemic: Our Experience and Recommendations, JPSM 2020; 60(1): E15-E17. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.03.018
  5. Albarracin Z,  Silverman M, Mineo J,  Al-Abbasi B,  Koff S, Martell C, Levene RS. Health Care Workers' Knowledge, Attitudes, and Beliefs Related to COVID-19 in Palliative Medicine and Hospice Care. Palliative Medicine Reports. Volume 1.1, 2020 DOI: 10.1089/pmr.2020.0115
  6. Arantzamendi M, Belar A, Payne S, Rijpstra M, Preston N, Menten J, Van der Elst M, Radbruch L,  Hasselaar J, Centeno C. Clinical aspects of palliative sedation in prospective studies. A systematic review. JPSM 2020. (In Press Journal Pre-Proof). DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.09.022
  7. Arya A, Buchman S,  Gagnon B, Downar J. Pandemic palliative care: beyond ventilators and saving lives. CMAJ 2020. doi: 10.1503/cmaj.200465
  8. Astudillo W, Salinas A, Piolatti A, Bastos Z, Comba J, Mendinueta C, Fernández R, Zapata R, Díaz E, Ruiz R, De la Fuente C. Manejo Clínico de los Niños y Adolescentes ante la Pandemia de COVID-19. Revista El Dolor 73: 32-40; 2021
  9. Astudillo W, Salinas A, Brandao Z, Carmona F, De Pablo A, Piolatti A, Comba J, Torres LM, Vázquez S, Gutiérrez A, Pérez-García M, Mendinueta C, Zamora A, Díaz E, Santamaría D, Fernández R, Grove X, De la Fuente C. Manejo clínico y paliativo del sufrimiento en la COVID-19. Revista El Dolor 71:10-21; 2019
  10. Bajwah S, Wilcock A, Towers R, Costantini M, et al. Managing the supportive care needs of those affected by COVID-19. European Respiratory Journal 2020; DOI: 10.1183/13993003.00815-2020
  11. Basky G. Temporary fixes to chronic drug shortages leave Canada vulnerable. CMAJ August 04, 2020 192 (31) E898-E899; DOI: https://doi.org/10.1503/cmaj.1095886
  12. Blinderman CD, Adelman R, Kumaraiah D, Pan CX, Palathra BC, Kaley K, Trongone N, Spillane K. A Comprehensive Approach to Palliative Care during the Coronavirus Pandemic. JPM Volume XX, Number XX, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1089/jpm.2020.0481 
  13. Bone AE, Finucane AM, Leniz J, Higginson IJ, Sleeman KE. Changing patterns of mortality during the COVID-19 pandemic: Population-based modelling to understand palliative care implications. Palliative Medicine 2020; 34(9): 1193-1201. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269216320944810
  14. Boufkhed S, Namisango E, Luyirika E, Sleeman KE,  Costantini M, Peruselli C, Normand C, Higginson IJ, Harding R. Preparedness of African palliative care services to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic: A rapid assessment. JPSM 2020 (in press). DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.09.018
  15. British Medical Journal - Managing COVID-19 Symptoms(including at the end of life) in the community: summary of NICE guidelines. BMJ 2020; 369 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m1461 (Published 20 April 2020)
  16.  Burman R, Cairns R, Canestrini S, Elias E, Metaxa V, Owen G, Polat H, Keene AR, Sutherland E. Making ordinary decisions in extraordinary times. BMJ 2020; 370:m3268. doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m3268
  17. Cassum S, Mansoor K, Hirji A, David A, Aijaz A. Challenges in Teaching Palliative Care Module Virtually during COVID-19 Era. Asia Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing. 2020;7(4):301-304. doi: 10.4103/apjon.apjon_42_20 
  18. Chochinov HM, Bolton J, Sareen J. Death, Dying, and Dignity in the Time of the COVID-19 Pandemic. JPM 2020; 23(10):1294-1295. https://doi.org/10.1089/jpm.2020.0406
  19. Chua IS,  Shi SM, Levine DM. Place of Death and End-of-Life Care Utilization among COVID-19 Decedents in a Massachusetts Health Care System. JPM 2020. Volume XX, Number XX, 2020. DOI: 10.1089/jpm.2020.0674 
  20. Ciruzzi MS. Algunos apuntes bioéticos, paliativos y legales sobre la pandemia de COVID-19. La Ley. AÑO LXXXIV Nº 80. TOMO LA LEY 2020-B. Buenos Aires, Argentina 2020. ISSN 0024-1636.
  21. Cooper Z, Bernacki RE. To Face Coronavirus Disease 2019, Surgeons Must Embrace Palliative Care. JAMA Surg. 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1698
  22. Costantini M, Sleeman KE, Peruselli C, Higginson IJ Response and role of palliative care during the COVID-19 pandemic: a national telephone survey of hospices in Italy. Palliative Medicine 2020, Vol. 34(7) 889–895. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269216320920780
  23. Curley, M.A.Q., Broden, E.G. & Meyer, E.C. Alone, the hardest part. Intensive Care Med 46, 1974–1976 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00134-020-06145-9
  24. D Sarmiento PJ. Wounded healers: a call for spiritual care towards healthcare professionals in time of COVID-19 pandemic. Journal of Public Health, fdaa232, https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdaa232
  25. Downar, J, Seccareccia, D. Palliating a pandemic: All patients must be cared for. JPSM, 2010; 39(2), 291-295 DOI.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2009.11.241
  26. Efstathiou N, Vanderspank-Wright B, Vandyk A, Al-Janabi M, Daham Z, Sarti A, Delaney JW,  Downar J. Terminal withdrawal of mechanical ventilation in adult intensive care units: A systematic review and narrative synthesis of perceptions, experiences and practices. Palliative Medicine 2020; 34(9):1140-1164. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269216320935002
  27. Ekberg K, Weinglass L, Ekberg S, Danby S, Herbert A. The pervasive relevance of COVID-19 within routine paediatric palliative care consultations during the pandemic: A conversation analytic study. PMJ 2020. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269216320950089 
  28. Emanuel L, Solomon S, Fitchett G, Chochinov H, Handzo G, Schoppee T, Wilkie D. Fostering Existential Maturity to Manage Terror in a Pandemic. Fostering Existential Maturity to Manage Terror in a Pandemic. JPM 2020; Volume XX(XX): 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1089/jpm.2020.0263
  29. Escobio F, Nouvet E. Ebola virus disease and palliative care in humanitarian crises. Lancet 2019;393:1100. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(19)30295-8
  30. Etkind SN, Bone AE, Lovell N, Crippss RL, Harding R, Higginson IJ, Sleeman KE, - The role and response of palliative care and hospice services in epidemics and pandemics: a rapid review to inform practice during the COVID-19 pandemic. JPMS 2020; 60(1): E31-E40. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.03.029
  31. Fausto J,  Hirano L, Lam D,  et al. Creating a Palliative Care Inpatient Response Plan for COVID19 – The UW Medicine Experience. JPSM 2020; 60(1): E21-E26.  DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.03.025
  32. Ferguson L, Barham D. Palliative Care Pandemic Pack: a Specialist Palliative Care Service response to planning the COVID-19 pandemic. JPSM 2020; 60(1): E18-E20.  DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.03.026
  33. Ferrell BR, Handzo G, Picchi T, Puchalski C, Rosa WE. The Urgency of Spiritual Care: COVID-19 and the Critical Need for Whole-Person Palliation. JPSM 2020; 60(3): E7-E11. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.06.034
  34. Fiorentino M, Pentakota SR, Mosenthal AC, Glass NE. The Palliative Performance Scale predicts mortality in hospitalized patients with COVID-19. Palliative Medicine 2020; 34(9),1228-1234 https://doi.org/10.1177/0269216320940566
  35. Florêncio RS, Cestari VR, Souza LC, Flor AC, Nogueira VP, Moreira TM, Góes Salvetti M, Mendes de Paula Pessoa VL. Cuidados paliativos no contexto da pandemia de COVID-19: desafi os e contribuições. Acta Paul Enferm. 2020;33:eAPE20200188. DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.37689/actaape/2020AO01886 (Portuguese) 
  36. Foley,G. Video-based online interviews for palliative care research: A new normal in COVID-19?. Palliative Medicine 2021, Vol. 35(3) 625–626. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269216321989571 (New)
  37.  Franchini L, Varani S, Ostan R, Bocchi I, Pannuti R, Biasco G, Bruera E. Home palliative care professionals perception of challenges during the Covid-19 outbreak: A qualitative study. Palliative Medicine 2021, Vol. 35(5) 862–874. https://doi.org/10.1177/02692163211008732(New)
  38. Frydman JL, Choi EW, Lindenberger EC. Families of COVID-19 Patients Say Goodbye on Video: A Structured Approach to Virtual End-of-Life Conversations. JPM 2020; 23(12): 1564-1565. DOI: 10.1089/jpm.2020.0415 
  39. Fusi-Schmidhauser T, Preston N, Nikola K, Gamondi C. Conservative management of COVID-19 patients-emergency palliative care in action. JPSM 2020; 60(1): E27-E30. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.03.030
  40. Glass M, Rana S, Coghlan R, Lerner ZI, Harrison JD, Stoltenberg M, Namukwaya E, Humphreys J. Global Palliative Care Education in the Time of COVID-19. JPSM 2020; 60(4):E14-E19. Corrected Proof) https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.07.018
  41. Gibbon LM, GrayBuck KE, Mehta A, Perry S.E, Peterson S, Schreiber KM, Merel SE. Equitable Care for Critically Ill Patients from Culturally Diverse Communities in the COVID-19 Pandemic. JPM 2020; 23(12): 1559-1561. DOI: 10.1089/jpm.2020.0347 
  42. Goldenberg DL. COVID-19: What It Means for Diabetics, The Obese and Those with Other Immune Diseases. Practical Pain Management (PPM) April 2020 
  43. Gostin LO, Friedman EA, Wetter SA. Responding to COVID‐19: How to Navigate a Public Health Emergency Legally and Ethically. The Hastings Center Report 2020; 50(2): 8-12. https://doi.org/10.1002/hast.1090
  44. Hanne Konradsen , Trine Solander True , Helle Wendner Vedsegaard , Gitte Wind & Kristoffer Marsaa. Maintaining control: A qualitative study of being a patient in need of specialized palliative care during the COVID-19 pandemic. Progress in Palliative Care 2021.DOI: 10.1080/09699260.2021.1872139
  45. Hanson LC. We Will All Be Changed: Palliative Care Transformation in the Time of COVID-19. JPM 2020. https://doi.org/10.1089/jpm.2020.0446
  46. Heidari SN. Touch, and the absence of it. The Lancet Respiratory Medicine 2021. Volume 9, ISSUE 3, P233-234. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/S2213-2600(21)00028-X
  47. Hendin A,  La Rivière CG,  Williscroft DM,  O’Connor E,  Hughes J, and Fischer LM. End-of-life care in the Emergency Department for the patient imminently dying of a highly transmissible acute respiratory infection (such as COVID-19). Canadian Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020. DOI: 10.1017/cem.2020.352
  48. Hetherington L, Johnston B, Kotronoulas G, Finlay F, Keeley P, McKeown A. COVID-19 and Hospital Palliative Care – A service evaluation exploring the symptoms and outcomes of 186 patients and the impact of the pandemic on specialist Hospital Palliative Care. Palliative Medicine 2020, Vol. 34(9) 1256–1262. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269216320949786
  49. Heyland DK. Advance Care Planning (ACP) vs. Advance Serious Illness Preparations and Planning (ASIPP). Healthcare 2020, 8(3), 218; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare8030218
  50. Hollander JE, Carr BG. Virtually Perfect? Telemedicine for Covid-19. NEJM 2020; 382:1679-1681 DOI: 10.1056/NEJMp2003539
  51. Jackson T, Hobson K,  Clare H,  Weegmann D, Moloughney C,  McManus S. End-of-life care in COVID-19: An audit of pharmacological management in hospital inpatients. Palliative Medicine 2020; 34(9):1235-1240. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269216320935361
  52. Jöbges S, Vinay R, Luyckx VA, Biller‐Andorno N. Recommendations on COVID‐19 triage: international comparison and ethical analysis. Bioethics 2020. https://doi.org/10.1111/bioe.12805 
  53.  Kako J, Kajiwara K. Scoping Review: What Is the Role of Nurses in the Era of the Global COVID-19 Pandemic?. JPM 2020; 23(12): 1566-1567. DOI: 10.1089/jpm.2020.0439 
  54.  Kates J, Gerolamo A, Pogorzelska‐Maziarz M. The impact of COVID‐19 on the hospice and palliative care workforce. PHN 2020;00:1–5. https://doi.org/10.1111/phn.12827
  55. Krishna LKR, Neo HY, Chia EWY, Tay KT, Chan N, Neo PSH, Goh C, Peh TY,  Chiam M, Low JAYH. The role of palliative medicine in ICU bed allocation in COVID-19: a joint position statement of the Singapore Hospice Council and the Chapter of Palliative Medicine Physicians. Asian Bioethics Review (2020) 12:205–211. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41649-020-00128-0
  56. Kunz R, Minder M. COVID-19 Pandemic: palliative care for elderly and frail patients at home and in residential and nursing homes. Swiss Med Wkly 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4414/smw.2020.20235
  57. Leong, Ian Yi-Onn, Angel Onn-Kei Lee, Tzer Wee Ng, Lay Beng Lee, et al. The challenge of providing holistic care in a viral epidemic: opportunities for palliative care. Palliative Medicine 18, no. 1 (2004): 12-18 doi.org/10.1191/0269216304pm859oa
  58. Lerner ZI, Burke RV, McCall J, Leigh A, Glass M.  A case report of COVID-19 in New Orleans, Louisiana: Highlighting the complexities of prognostication in a critically ill patient, Palliative Medicine Reports (2020) 1:1, 227–231, DOI: 10.1089/pmr.2020.0087.
  59. Llaca García E, Templos Esteban LA. The Covid-19 pandemic in Mexico: The fundamental role of palliative care and bioethics. Medicina y Ética 2021. https://doi.org/10.36105/mye.2021v32n1.05
  60. Lohman D, Barrett D. Scheduling medicines as controlled substances: addressing normative and democratic gaps through human rights-based analysis. BMC International Human Rights 20, 10(2020). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12914-020-00231-1
  61. López Temina, Nerea; Arlandis Narbona, Paula; Martín Utrilla, Salvador. ¿CÓMO MEJORAR LA DOCENCIA EN CUIDADOS PALIATIVOS EN TIEMPO DE COVID-19?. THERAPEÍA 13 [Octubre 2020], 17-37, ISSN: 1889-611 
  62. Lovell N, Maddocks M, Etkind SN, Taylor K, Carey I, Vora V, Marsh L, Higginson IJ, Prentice W, Edmonds P, Sleeman KE. Characteristics, symptom management and outcomes of 101 patients with COVID-19 referred for hospital palliative care. JPSM 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.04.015
  63.  Lowe J , Rumbold B,  Aoun SM. Memorialisation during COVID-19: implications for the bereaved, service providers and policy makers.  Palliative Care & Social Practice 2020, Vol. 14: 1–9 DOI: 10.1177/ 2632352420980456
  64. Lu E. Communication Strategies for Kidney Disease in the Time of COVID-19. JPM 2020. https://doi.org/10.1089/jpm.2020.0217
  65. Macmillan PJ.  COVID-19: No Visitors. JPM Volume XX, Number XX, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1089/jpm.2021.0053 
  66. Masumi U, Martins R, Hendrie PC, McDonnell T, Crews JR, Wong TL, McCreery B et al. Managing Cancer Care During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Agility and Collaboration Toward a Common Goal. JNCCN 1, no. aop (2020): 1-4 DOI: https://doi.org/10.6004/jnccn.2020.7560
  67. Mehta AK, Smith TJ. Palliative Care for Patients With Cancer in the COVID-19 Era. JAMA Oncol. 2020;6(10):1527-1528. doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2020.1938
  68. Mills, J. Advancing research and evidence for compassion-based interventions: A matter of the head or heart?. Palliative Medicine 2020, Vol. 34(8) 973–975. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269216320945970 (New)
  69. Moriyama D, Scherer JS, Sullivan R,  Lowy J, T. Berger JT. The Impact of COVID-19 Surge on Clinical Palliative Care: A Descriptive Study From a New York Hospital System. JPSM 2020. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.12.011.(in press) 
  70. Neville TH. COVID-19: A Time for Creative Compassion. JPM 2020; 23(7):990-991. DOI: 10.1089/jpm.2020.0242
  71. Norris J. How Hospitals, Hospices & Care facilities can use Skype to reduce loneliness during the Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. BMJSPCblog 2020.03.15 
  72. Nouvet, Elysée, Mollie Sivaram, Kevin Bezanson, Gautham Krishnaraj, Matthew Hunt, Sonya de Laat, Stephanie Sanger, Laura Banfield, Pedro Favila Escobio Rodriguez, and Lisa J. Schwartz. Palliative care in humanitarian crises: a review of the literature. Journal of International Humanitarian Action 3, 1(2018):5. doi.org/10.1186/s41018-018-0033-8
  73. O'Donnell MB,  Adhikari EA,  Rosenberg AR,  Yi-Frazier JP. Promoting Resilience for Pediatric Health Care Workers in the Era of COVID-19: The PRISM at Work Program. JPM 2020. https://doi.org/10.1089/jpm.2020.0584
  74. Oluyase AO, Hocaoglu M, Cripps RL , Maddocks M , Walshe C, Fraser LK,  Preston N, Dunleavy L , Bradshaw A, Murtagh Fliss E.M., Bajwah S, Sleeman KE, Higginson IJ. The challenges of caring for people dying from COVID-19: a multinational, observational study (CovPall). JPSM 2021DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2021.01.138 (in press)
  75. Onwuteaka-Philipsen,BD., Pasman,HRW., Korfage,IJ.,  Witkamp,E.,  Zee M., van Lent,LGG., Goossensen,A., van der Heide,A. Dying in times of the coronavirus: An online survey among healthcare professionals about end-of-life care for patients dying with and without COVID-19 (the CO-LIVE study). Palliative Medicine 2021, Vol. 35(5) 830–842. https://doi.org/10.1177/02692163211003778 (New)
  76. Patneaude A, Kett J. Cultural responsiveness and palliative care during the COVID-19 pandemic, Palliative Medicine Reports (2020) 1:1, 171–173, DOI: 10.1089/pmr.2020.0049
  77. Pearce C, Honey JR, Lovick R, Creamer NZ,  Henry C, Langford A, Stobert M,  Barclay S. ‘A silent epidemic of grief’: a survey of bereavement care provision in the UK and Ireland during the COVID-19 pandemic. BMJ Open 2021;11:e046872. doi:10.1136/ bmjopen-2020-046872
  78. Perez-Moreno DP,  López-Ramírez JH, Torres-Espinosa C. Cuidados paliativos para pacientes con infección por SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19; propuesta de un modelo de atención. Revista Mexicana de Anestesiología, 2020; 43 (4): 288-295. https://dx.doi.org/10.35366/94942 doi: 10.35366/94942 
  79. Pettus K, Cleary JF, De Lima L, Ahmed E, Radbruch L. Availability of Internationally Controlled Essential Medicines in the COVID-19 Pandemic. Journals of Pain and Symptom Management, 2020; 60(2): E48-E51. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.04.153
  80. Potenza L, Luppi M,  Efficace F,  Bruera E,  Bandieri E. COVID‐19 Pandemic and Cancer: The Importance of Early Palliative Care. The Oncologist 2020;25:1–3. https://doi.org/10.1002/onco.13587
  81.  Powell RA, Rodriquez-Campos L, OpareLokko EB,  Ebenso BE, Allsop MJ. ‘Flattening’ one curve: what about ‘raising the line’ on the other? COVID-19 and palliative care in low-income and middleincome countries.   BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care 2021;0:1–3. doi:10.1136/bmjspcare-2020-002675
  82. Powell VD, Silveira MJ. What Should Palliative Care's Response be to the COVID-19 Epidemic? JPSM 2020; 60(1): E1-E3. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.03.013
  83. Radbruch L, Knaul FM, de Lima L, de Joncheere C, Bhadelia A. The key role of palliative care in response to the COVID-19 tsunami of suffering. The Lancet 2020. 395(10235):P1467-1469 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30964-8 
  84. Rao A, Kelemen A. Lessons Learned from Caring for Patients with COVID-19 at the End of Life. JPM 2020;Volume XX (XX): 1-4. DOI: 10.1089/jpm.2020.0251
  85.  Roberts B, Wright SM,  Christmas C,  Robertson M, Wu DS. COVID-19 Pandemic Response: Development of Outpatient Palliative Care Toolkit Based on Narrative Communication. American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Medicine 2020;Volume: 37(11): 985-987. https://doi.org/10.1177/1049909120944868
  86. Rosa W, Gray T, Chow K, Davidson P, Dionne-Odom J.N, Karanja V, Khanyola J, Kpoeh JD, Lusaka J, Matula ST, Mazanec P, Moreland PJ, Pandey S, de Campos AP, Meghani SH. Recommendations to Leverage the Palliative Nursing Role During COVID-19 and Future Public Health Crises. Journal of Hospice & Palliative Nursing 2020; 22(4):260-269. doi: 10.1097/NJH.0000000000000665 
  87. Rosa WE, Anderson E, Applebaum AJ, Ferrell BR, Kestenbaum A, Nelson JE. Coronavirus Disease 2019 as an Opportunity to Move toward Transdisciplinary Palliative Care. JPM 2020. DOI: 10.1089/jpm.2020.0306
  88. Rosa WE, Davidson PM. Nursing and Health Policy Perspectives. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): strengthening our resolve to achieve universal palliative care. International Nursing Review(INR) 2020
  89. Rosa WE, Meghani SH, Stone PW, Ferrell BR, Opportunities for Nursing Science to Advance Patient Care in the Time of COVID-19: A Palliative Care Perspective.  Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 2020; 0:0, 1–3
  90. Rosa WE, Ferrell BR, Applebaum AJ. The alleviation of suffering during the COVID-19 pandemic. Palliative Care and Supportive Care. Palliative and Supportive Care, 1–3. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1478951520000462
  91. Rosa WE,  Ferrell BR, Mason DJ. Integration of Palliative Care Into All Serious Illness Care as A Human Right. JAMA Health Forum. 2021;2(4):e211099. doi:10.1001/jamahealthforum.2021.1099 (New)
  92.  Rosa WE,  Ferrell BR, Wiencek C. Increasing Critical Care Nurse Engagement of Palliative Care During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Critical Care Nurse (2020) 40 (6): e28–e36. https://doi.org/10.4037/ccn2020946
  93. Rosa WE, Shook A, Acquaviva KD. LGBTQ+ Inclusive Palliative Care in the Context of COVID-19: Pragmatic Recommendations for Clinicians. JPSM 2020. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.04.155
  94. Rose C. Am I Part of the Cure or Am I Part of the Disease? Keeping Coronavirus Out When a Doctor Comes Home. NEJM 2020; 382:1684-1685. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMp2004768
  95. Rosenbaum L. Facing Covid-19 in Italy—Ethics, Logistics, and Therapeutics on the Epidemic’s Front Line. NEJM 2020; 382:1873-1875. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMp2005492
  96. Rotenstein L, Lamey J, Wichmann L,  Arbour MC, Lakin J, Cunningham R. Conversing with High-Risk Patients to Determine Serious Illness Goals and Values in the Time of Covid-19. NEJM Catalyst Innovations in Care Delivery 2021; 03 DOI:https://doi.org/10.1056/CAT.20.0600 
  97. Schockett E, Ishola M, Wahrenbrock T, Croskey A, Cain S, Benjenk I, Davison D, Yamane D, The Impact of Integrating Palliative Medicine into COVID-19 Critical Care, Journal of Pain and Symptom Management (2021), doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.12.014.(in press)
  98. Schoenherr LA, Cook A, Peck S, Humphreys J, Goto Y, Saks NT, Huddleston L, Elia G, Pantilat SZ.  Proactive Identification of Palliative Care Needs Among Patients With COVID-19 in the ICU. JPSM 2020. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.06.008
  99. Selman Lucy E, Chao D, Sowden R, Marshall S, Chamberlain Ch, Koffman J. Bereavement support on the frontline of COVID-19: Recommendations for hospital clinicians. JPSM 2020; 60(2):E81-E86. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.04.024
  100. Stoltenberg M, Jacobsen J,  Wilson E, Daubman B-R, Ritchie CS, Petrillo L, Jackson V, Aaronson EL. Emergency Department-Based Palliative Care during COVID. JPM 2020. https://doi.org/10.1089/jpm.2020.0285
  101.  Strang P, Bergström J, Lundström S. Symptom Relief Is Possible in Elderly Dying COVID-19 Patients: A National Register Study. JPM 2020;Volume XX (XX):1-6. DOI: 10.1089/jpm.2020.0249
  102. Sullivan Donald R., Curtis J. Randall. A View from the Frontline: Palliative and Ethical Considerations of the COVID-19 Pandemic. JPM 2020. DOI: 10.1089/jpm.2020.0426  
  103. Ting R, Edmonds P, Higginson IJ, Sleeman KE.  Palliative care for patients with severe covid-19. BMJ 2020; 370 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m2710 (Published 14 July 2020)
  104. Tran D, Lai S, Salah R, Wong A, Bryon J, McKenna M, Chan Y. Rapid De-Escalation and Triaging Patients in Community-Based Palliative Care. JPSM 2020; 60(1): E45-E47. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.03.040 
  105. Truog RD, Mitchell C, Daley, GQ. The Toughest Triage — Allocating Ventilators in a Pandemic. NEJM 2020; 382:1973-1975. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMp2005689
  106. Turner J, Hodgson LE, Leckie T, Eade L, Ford-Dunn S. A dual-centre observational review of hospital based palliative care in patients dying with COVID-19. JPSM 2020; 60(2):E75-E78. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.04.031
  107. Wallace CL, Wladkowoski SP, Gibson A, White P.  - Grief During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Considerations for Palliative Care Providers. JPSM 2020; 60(1): E70-E76. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.04.012
  108. Walshe,C. Perspectives on COVID-19 and palliative care research. Palliative Medicine 2021, Vol. 35(1) 4–5. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269216320983949 (New)
  109. Wang Samuel S.Y., Teo Wendy Z.W., Teo Winnie Z.Y., Chai Yong Woon. Virtual Reality as a Bridge in Palliative Care during COVID-19. JPM 2020 https://doi.org/10.1089/jpm.2020.0212
  110. Weaver MS, Wiener L.  Applying Palliative Care Principles to Communicate with Children about COVID-19. JPSM 2020; 60(1): E8-E11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.03.020
  111. Weaver MS, Rosenberg AR,  Fry A, Shostrom V, Wiener L. The Impact of the Coronavirus Pandemic on Pediatric Palliative Care Team Structures, Services, and Care Delivery. JPM 2020. XX(XX): 1-8. DOI: 10.1089/jpm.2020.0589
  112. Wu Y, Wang J, Luo C, Hu S, Lin X, Anderson AE, Bruera E, Yang X, Wei S, Qian Y. A comparison of burnout frequency among oncology physicians and nurses working on the front lines and usual wards during the COVID-19 epidemic in Wuhan, China. JPSM 2020; 60(1): E60-E65. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.04.008
  113. Wynne KJ, Petrova M, Coghlan R. Dying individuals and suffering populations: applying a population-level bioethics lens to palliative care in humanitarian contexts: before, during and after the COVID-19 pandemic. BJM 2020. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/medethics-2019-105943
  114. Xu Y, Zhang LK, Smeltz RL, Cohen SE. A Vital Layer of Support: One Safety Net Hospital's Palliative Care Response to the Pandemic. JPM Volume XX, Number XX, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1089/jpm.2020.0571 

General on COVID-19
Issues Relevant to Palliative Care and COVID-19 by Themes
1. Access to Medicines
  1. Jackson T, Hobson K,  Clare H,  Weegmann D, Moloughney C,  McManus S. End-of-life care in COVID-19: An audit of pharmacological management in hospital inpatients. Palliative Medicine 2020; 34(9):1235-1240. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269216320935361
  2. Lohman D, Barrett D. Scheduling medicines as controlled substances: addressing normative and democratic gaps through human rights-based analysis. BMC International Human Rights 20, 10(2020). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12914-020-00231-1
  3. Pettus K, Cleary JF, De Lima L, Ahmed E, Radbruch L. Availability of Internationally Controlled Essential Medicines in the COVID-19 Pandemic. Journals of Pain and Symptom Management, 2020; 60(2):E-48-E51. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.04.153
2. Alleviation of Suffering
  1. Rosa WE, Ferrell BR, Applebaum AJ. The alleviation of suffering during the COVID-19 pandemic. Palliative Care and Supportive Care. Palliative and Supportive Care 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1478951520000462
  2. Wynne KJ, Petrova M, Coghlan R. Dying individuals and suffering populations: applying a population-level bioethics lens to palliative care in humanitarian contexts: before, during and after the COVID-19 pandemic. BJM 2020. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/medethics-2019-105943
3. Bereavement/Grief support
  1. Selman Lucy E, Chao D, Sowden R, Marshall S, Chamberlain Ch, Koffman J. Bereavement support on the frontline of COVID-19: Recommendations for hospital clinicians. JPSM 2020; 60(2):E81-E86. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.04.024
  2. Wallace CL, Wladkowoski SP, Gibson A, White P. - Grief During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Considerations for Palliative Care Providers. JPSM 2020; 60(1): E70-E76. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.04.012
4. Bioethical/Legal Aspects
  1. Arantzamendi M, Belar A, Payne S, Rijpstra M, Preston N, Menten J, Van der Elst M, Radbruch L,  Hasselaar J, Centeno C. Clinical aspects of palliative sedation in prospective studies. A systematic review. JPSM 2020. (In Press Journal Pre-Proof). DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.09.022
  2.  Burman R, Cairns R, Canestrini S, Elias E, Metaxa V, Owen G, Polat H, Keene AR, Sutherland E. Making ordinary decisions in extraordinary times. BMJ 2020; 370:m3268. doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m3268
  3. Ciruzzi MS. Algunos apuntes bioéticos, paliativos y legales sobre la pandemia de COVID-19. La Ley. AÑO LXXXIV Nº 80. TOMO LA LEY 2020-B. Buenos Aires, Argentina 2020. ISSN 0024-1636.
  4. Efstathiou N, Vanderspank-Wright B, Vandyk A, Al-Janabi M, Daham Z, Sarti A, Delaney JW,  Downar J. Terminal withdrawal of mechanical ventilation in adult intensive care units: A systematic review and narrative synthesis of perceptions, experiences and practices. Palliative Medicine 2020; 34(9):1140-1164. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269216320935002
  5. Gostin LO, Friedman EA, Wetter SA. Responding to COVID‐19: How to Navigate a Public Health Emergency Legally and Ethically. The Hastings Center Report 2020; 50(2):8-12. https://doi.org/10.1002/hast.1090
  6. Krishna LKR, Neo HY, Chia EWY, Tay KT, Chan N, Neo PSH, Goh C, Peh TY, Chiam M, Low JAYH. The role of palliative medicine in ICU bed allocation in COVID-19: a joint position statement of the Singapore Hospice Council and the Chapter of Palliative Medicine Physicians. ABR 12, 205–211 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s41649-020-00128-0
  7. Lohman D, Barrett D. Scheduling medicines as controlled substances: addressing normative and democratic gaps through human rights-based analysis. BMC International Human Rights 20, 10(2020). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12914-020-00231-1
  8. Rosenbaum L. Facing Covid-19 in Italy—Ethics, Logistics, and Therapeutics on the Epidemic’s Front Line. NEJM 2020; 382:1873-1875DOI: 10.1056/NEJMp2005492
  9. Sullivan Donald R., Curtis J. Randall. A View from the Frontline: Palliative and Ethical Considerations of the COVID-19 Pandemic. JPM 2020. DOI: 10.1089/jpm.2020.0426
  10. Tran D, Lai S, Salah R, Wong A, Bryon J, McKenna M, Chan Y. Rapid De-Escalation and Triaging Patients in Community-Based Palliative Care. JPSM 2020; 60(1):E45-E-47.  DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.03.040
  11. Truog RD, Mitchell C, Daley, GQ. The Toughest Triage — Allocating Ventilators in a Pandemic NEJM 2020; 382: 1973-1975. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMp2005689
5. Burnout
  1. Kates J, Gerolamo A, Pogorzelska‐Maziarz M. The impact of COVID‐19 on the hospice and palliative care workforce. PHN 2020;00:1–5. https://doi.org/10.1111/phn.12827
  2. Wu Y, Wang J, Luo C, Hu S, Lin X, Anderson AE, Bruera E, Yang X, Wei S, Qian Y. A comparison of burnout frequency among oncology physicians and nurses working on the front lines and usual wards during the COVID-19 epidemic in Wuhan, China. JPSM 2020; 60(1) E-60-E65. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.04.008
6. Communication
  1. Ekberg K, Weinglass L, Ekberg S, Danby S, Herbert A. The pervasive relevance of COVID-19 within routine paediatric palliative care consultations during the pandemic: A conversation analytic study. PMJ 2020. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269216320950089
  2. Lu E. Communication Strategies for Kidney Disease in the Time of COVID-19. JPM 2020. https://doi.org/10.1089/jpm.2020.0217
  3. Weaver MS, Wiener L. Applying Palliative Care Principles to Communicate with Children about COVID-19. JPSM 2020; 60(1): E8-E11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.03.020
7. Education
  1. Glass M, Rana S, Coghlan R, Lerner ZI, Harrison JD, Stoltenberg M, Namukwaya E, Humphreys J. Global Palliative Care Education in the Time of COVID-19. JPSM 2020; 60(4): E14-E19. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.07.018
8. Emergency
  1. Fusi-Schmidhauser T, Preston N, Nikola K, Gamondi C. Conservative management of COVID-19 patients-emergency palliative care in action. JPSM 2020; 60(1) E27-E30. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.03.030 
  2. Hendin A, La Rivière CG, Williscroft DM, O’Connor E, Hughes J, and Fischer LM. End-of-life care in the Emergency Department for the patient imminently dying of a highly transmissible acute respiratory infection (such as COVID-19). Canadian Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020. DOI: 10.1017/cem.2020.352
  3. Stoltenberg M, Jacobsen J, Wilson E, Daubman B-R, Ritchie CS, Petrillo L, Jackson V, Aaronson EL. Emergency Department-Based Palliative Care during COVID. JPM 2020. https://doi.org/10.1089/jpm.2020.0285
9. Goals of Care
  1. Abbott J, Johnson D, Wynia M. Ensuring Adequate Palliative and Hospice Care During COVID-19 Surges. JAMA 2020. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.16843
  2. Adams C. Goals of Care in a Pandemic: Our Experience and Recommendations, JPSM 2020 (in press). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.03.018
  3. Arantzamendi M, Belar A, Payne S, Rijpstra M, Preston N, Menten J, Van der Elst M, Radbruch L,  Hasselaar J, Centeno C. Clinical aspects of palliative sedation in prospective studies. A systematic review. JPSM 2020. (In Press Journal Pre-Proof). DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.09.022
  4. Arya A, Buchman S, Gagnon B, Downar J. Pandemic palliative care: beyond ventilators and saving lives. CMAJ 2020. doi: 10.1503/cmaj.200465
  5. Astudillo W, Salinas A, Piolatti A, Bastos Z, Comba J, Mendinueta C, Fernández R, Zapata R, Díaz E, Ruiz R, De la Fuente C. Manejo Clínico de los Niños y Adolescentes ante la Pandemia de COVID-19. Revista El Dolor 73: 32-40; 2021
  6. Astudillo W, Salinas A, Brandao Z, Carmona F, De Pablo A, Piolatti A, Comba J, Torres LM, Vázquez S, Gutiérrez A, Pérez-García M, Mendinueta C, Zamora A, Díaz E, Santamaría D, Fernández R, Grove X, De la Fuente C. Manejo clínico y paliativo del sufrimiento en la COVID-19. Revista El Dolor 71:10-21; 2019
  7. Bajwah S, Wilcock A, Towers R, Costantini M, et al. Managing the supportive care needs of those affected by COVID-19. European Respiratory Journal 2020; DOI: 10.1183/13993003.00815-2020
  8. Chochinov HM, Bolton J, Sareen J. Death, Dying, and Dignity in the Time of the COVID-19 Pandemic. JPM 2020; 23(10):1294-1295. https://doi.org/10.1089/jpm.2020.0406
  9. Efstathiou N, Vanderspank-Wright B, Vandyk A, Al-Janabi M, Daham Z, Sarti A, Delaney JW,  Downar J. Terminal withdrawal of mechanical ventilation in adult intensive care units: A systematic review and narrative synthesis of perceptions, experiences and practices. Palliative Medicine 2020; 34(9):1140-1164. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269216320935002
  10. Ekberg K, Weinglass L, Ekberg S, Danby S, Herbert A. The pervasive relevance of COVID-19 within routine paediatric palliative care consultations during the pandemic: A conversation analytic study. PMJ 2020. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269216320950089
  11. Heyland DK. Advance Care Planning (ACP) vs. Advance Serious Illness Preparations and Planning (ASIPP). Healthcare 2020, 8(3), 218; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare8030218
  12. Leong, Ian Yi-Onn, Angel Onn-Kei Lee, Tzer Wee Ng, Lay Beng Lee, et al. The challenge of providing holistic care in a viral epidemic: opportunities for palliative care. Palliative Medicine 18, no. 1 (2004): 12-18 doi.org/10.1191/0269216304pm859oa
  13. Lerner ZI, Burke RV, McCall J, Leigh A, Glass M.  A case report of COVID-19 in New Orleans, Louisiana: Highlighting the complexities of prognostication in a critically ill patient, Palliative Medicine Reports (2020) 1:1, 227–231, DOI: 10.1089/pmr.2020.0087.
  14. Masumi U, Martins R, Hendrie PC, McDonnell T, Crews JR, Wong TL, McCreery B et al. Managing Cancer Care During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Agility and Collaboration Toward a Common Goal. JNCCN 1, no. aop (2020): 1-4 DOI: https://doi.org/10.6004/jnccn.2020.7560
  15. Potenza L, Luppi M,  Efficace F,  Bruera E,  Bandieri E. COVID‐19 Pandemic and Cancer: The Importance of Early Palliative Care. The Oncologist 2020;25:1–3. https://doi.org/10.1002/onco.13587
10. Interdisciplinary
  1. Cooper Z, Bernacki RE. To Face Coronavirus Disease 2019, Surgeons Must Embrace Palliative Care. JAMA Surg. 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1698
  2. Ferrell BR, Handzo G, Picchi T, Puchalski C, Rosa WE. The Urgency of Spiritual Care: COVID-19 and the Critical Need for Whole-Person Palliation. JPSM 2020; 60(3): E7-E11. DOI :https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.06.034
  3. O'Donnell MB,  Adhikari EA,  Rosenberg AR,  Yi-Frazier JP. Promoting Resilience for Pediatric Health Care Workers in the Era of COVID-19: The PRISM at Work Program. JPM 2020. https://doi.org/10.1089/jpm.2020.0584
  4. Rao A, Kelemen A. Lessons Learned from Caring for Patients with COVID-19 at the End of Life. JPM 2020;Volume XX (XX): 1-4. DOI: 10.1089/jpm.2020.0251
  5. Rosa W, Gray T, Chow K, Davidson P, Dionne-Odom J.N, Karanja V, Khanyola J, Kpoeh JD, Lusaka J, Matula ST, Mazanec P, Moreland PJ, Pandey S, de Campos AP, Meghani SH. Recommendations to Leverage the Palliative Nursing Role During COVID-19 and Future Public Health Crises. Journal of Hospice & Palliative Nursing 2020. doi: 10.1097/NJH.0000000000000665
  6. Rosa WE, Anderson E, Applebaum AJ, Ferrell BR, Kestenbaum A, Nelson JE. Coronavirus Disease 2019 as an Opportunity to Move toward Transdisciplinary Palliative Care. JPM 2020. DOI: 10.1089/jpm.2020.0306
  7. Rosa WE, Meghani SH, Stone PW, Ferrell BR, Opportunities for Nursing Science to Advance Patient Care in the Time of COVID-19: A Palliative Care Perspective. GUEST EDITORIAL. Journal of Nursing Scholarship (JNS) 2020
11. Issues Relevant to Low-Middle Income Countries
  1. Abu-Odah, H., Molassiotis, A. & Liu, J. Challenges on the provision of palliative care for patients with cancer in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review of reviews. BMC Palliat Care 19, 55 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12904-020-00558-5
  2. Jennings N, Chambaere K, Deliens L, Cohen J. Trends in place of death in a small developing country: a population-level study using date certificate data. jech 2020. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jech-2019-213285
12. PC Response and Role during the Pandemic
  1. Abbott J, Johnson D, Wynia M. Ensuring Adequate Palliative and Hospice Care During COVID-19 Surges. JAMA 2020. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.16843
  2. Abu-Odah, H., Molassiotis, A. & Liu, J. Challenges on the provision of palliative care for patients with cancer in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review of reviews. BMC Palliat Care 19, 55 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12904-020-00558-5
  3. Arya A, Buchman S, Gagnon B, Downar J. Pandemic palliative care: beyond ventilators and saving lives. CMAJ 2020. doi: 10.1503/cmaj.200465
  4. Astudillo W, Salinas A, Brandao Z, Carmona F, De Pablo A, Piolatti A, Comba J, Torres LM, Vázquez S, Gutiérrez A, Pérez-García M, Mendinueta C, Zamora A, Díaz E, Santamaría D, Fernández R, Grove X, De la Fuente C. Manejo clínico y paliativo del sufrimiento en la COVID-19. Revista El Dolor 71:10-21; 2019
  5. Bajwah S, Wilcock A, Towers R, Costantini M, et al. Managing the supportive care needs of those affected by COVID-19. European Respiratory Journal 2020; DOI: 10.1183/13993003.00815-2020
  6. Bone AE, Finucane AM, Leniz J, Higginson IJ, Sleeman KE. Changing patterns of mortality during the COVID-19 pandemic: Population-based modelling to understand palliative care implications. Palliative Medicine 2020; 34(9): 1193-1201. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269216320944810
  7. Boufkhed S, Namisango E, Luyirika E, Sleeman KE,  Costantini M, Peruselli C, Normand C, Higginson IJ, Harding R. Preparedness of African palliative care services to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic: A rapid assessment. JPSM 2020 (in press). DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.09.018
  8. Cooper Z, Bernacki RE. To Face Coronavirus Disease 2019, Surgeons Must Embrace Palliative Care. JAMA Surg. 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1698
  9. Costantini M, Sleeman KE, Peruselli C, Higginson IJ Response and role of palliative care during the COVID-19 pandemic: a national telephone survey of hospices in Italy. Palliative Medicine 2020. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269216320920780
  10. Downar, J, Seccareccia, D. Palliating a pandemic: All patients must be cared for. JPSM, 2010; 39(2), 291-295 DOI.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2009.11.241
  11. Emanuel L, Solomon S, Fitchett G, Chochinov H, Handzo G, Schoppee T, Wilkie D. Fostering Existential Maturity to Manage Terror in a Pandemic. Fostering Existential Maturity to Manage Terror in a Pandemic. JPM 2020; Volume XX(XX): 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1089/jpm.2020.0263
  12. Etkind SN, Bone AE, Lovell N, Crippss RL, Harding R, Higginson IJ, Sleeman KE, - The role and response of palliative care and hospice services in epidemics and pandemics: a rapid review to inform practice during the COVID-19 pandemic. JPMS 2020.
  13. Fausto J, Hirano L, Lam D, et al. Creating a Palliative Care Inpatient Response Plan for COVID19 – The UW Medicine Experience JPSM 2020; 60(1):E21-E26  DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.03.025
  14. Ferguson L, Barham D. Palliative Care Pandemic Pack: a Specialist Palliative Care Service response to planning the COVID-19 pandemic. JPSM 2020; 60(1):E18-E20. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.03.026
  15.  Fiorentino M, Pentakota SR, Mosenthal AC, Glass NE. The Palliative Performance Scale predicts mortality in hospitalized patients with COVID-19. Palliative Medicine 2020; 34(9),1228-1234 https://doi.org/10.1177/0269216320940566
  16. Fusi-Schmidhauser T, Preston N, Nikola K, Gamondi C. Conservative management of COVID-19 patients-emergency palliative care in action. JPSM 2020; 60(1):E27-E30. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.03.030
  17. Hanson LC. We Will All Be Changed: Palliative Care Transformation in the Time of COVID-19. JPM 2020. https://doi.org/10.1089/jpm.2020.0446
  18. Hetherington L, Johnston B, Kotronoulas G, Finlay F, Keeley P, McKeown A. COVID-19 and Hospital Palliative Care – A service evaluation exploring the symptoms and outcomes of 186 patients and the impact of the pandemic on specialist Hospital Palliative Care. Palliative Medicine 2020, Vol. 34(9) 1256–1262. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269216320949786
  19. Heyland DK. Advance Care Planning (ACP) vs. Advance Serious Illness Preparations and Planning (ASIPP). Healthcare 2020, 8(3), 218; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare8030218
  20. Krishna LKR, Neo HY, Chia EWY, Tay KT, Chan N, Neo PSH, Goh C, Peh TY, Chiam M, Low JAYH. The role of palliative medicine in ICU bed allocation in COVID-19: a joint position statement of the Singapore Hospice Council and the Chapter of Palliative Medicine Physicians. ABR 12, 205–211 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s41649-020-00128-0
  21. Leong, Ian Yi-Onn, Angel Onn-Kei Lee, Tzer Wee Ng, Lay Beng Lee, et al. The challenge of providing holistic care in a viral epidemic: opportunities for palliative care. Palliative Medicine 18, no. 1 (2004): 12-18 doi.org/10.1191/0269216304pm859oa
  22. O'Donnell MB,  Adhikari EA,  Rosenberg AR,  Yi-Frazier JP. Promoting Resilience for Pediatric Health Care Workers in the Era of COVID-19: The PRISM at Work Program. JPM 2020. https://doi.org/10.1089/jpm.2020.0584
  23. Oluyase AO, Hocaoglu M, Cripps RL , Maddocks M , Walshe C, Fraser LK,  Preston N, Dunleavy L , Bradshaw A, Murtagh Fliss E.M., Bajwah S, Sleeman KE, Higginson IJ. The challenges of caring for people dying from COVID-19: a multinational, observational study (CovPall). JPSM 2021DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2021.01.138 (in press)
  24. Patneaude A, Kett J. Cultural responsiveness and palliative care during the COVID-19 pandemic, Palliative Medicine Reports (2020) 1:1, 171–173, DOI: 10.1089/pmr.2020.0049
  25. Perez-Moreno DP, López-Ramírez JH, Torres-Espinosa C. Cuidados paliativos para pacientes con infección por SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19; propuesta de un modelo de atención. Revista Mexicana de Anestesiología, 2020; 43 (4): 288-295. https://dx.doi.org/10.35366/94942 doi: 10.35366/94942
  26. Powell VD, Silveira MJ. What Should Palliative Care's Response be to the COVID-19 Epidemic? JPSM 2020; 60(1)E1-E3. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.03.013
  27. Radbruch L, Knaul FM, de Lima L, de Joncheere C, Bhadelia A. The key role of palliative care in response to the COVID-19 tsunami of suffering. The Lancet 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30964-8
  28. Roberts B, Wright SM,  Christmas C,  Robertson M, Wu DS. COVID-19 Pandemic Response: Development of Outpatient Palliative Care Toolkit Based on Narrative Communication. American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Medicine 2020;Volume: 37(11): 985-987. https://doi.org/10.1177/1049909120944868
  29. Rosa W, Gray T, Chow K, Davidson P, Dionne-Odom J.N, Karanja V, Khanyola J, Kpoeh JD, Lusaka J, Matula ST, Mazanec P, Moreland PJ, Pandey S, de Campos AP, Meghani SH. Recommendations to Leverage the Palliative Nursing Role During COVID-19 and Future Public Health Crises. Journal of Hospice & Palliative Nursing 2020; 22(4):260-269. doi: 10.1097/NJH.0000000000000665
  30. Rose C. Am I Part of the Cure or Am I Part of the Disease? Keeping Coronavirus Out When a Doctor Comes Home. NEJM 2020; 382:1684-1685  DOI: 10.1056/NEJMp2004768
  31. Schoenherr LA, Cook A, Peck S, Humphreys J, Goto Y, Saks NT, Huddleston L, Elia G, Pantilat SZ. Proactive Identification of Palliative Care Needs among Patients with COVID-19 in the ICU. JPSM 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.06.008
  32. Stoltenberg M, Jacobsen J, Wilson E, Daubman B-R, Ritchie CS, Petrillo L, Jackson V, Aaronson EL. Emergency Department-Based Palliative Care during COVID. JPM 2020. https://doi.org/10.1089/jpm.2020.0285
  33. Tran D, Lai S, Salah R, Wong A, Bryon J, McKenna M, Chan Y. Rapid De-Escalation and Triaging Patients in Community-Based Palliative Care. JPSM 2020; 60(1):E45-E47. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.03.040
  34. Turner J, Hodgson LE, Leckie T, Eade L, Ford-Dunn S. A dual-centre observational review of hospital based palliative care in patients dying with COVID-19. JPSM 2020; 60(2):E75-E78. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.04.031
  35. Wallace CL, Wladkowoski SP, Gibson A, White P. - Grief During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Considerations for Palliative Care Providers. JPSM 2020; 60(1):E70-E76. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.04.012
13. Psychological/Emotional/Spiritual Issues
  1. Curley, M.A.Q., Broden, E.G. & Meyer, E.C. Alone, the hardest part. Intensive Care Med (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00134-020-06145-9
  2. Ferrell BR, Handzo G, Picchi T, Puchalski C, Rosa WE. The Urgency of Spiritual Care: COVID-19 and the Critical Need for Whole-Person Palliation. JPSM 2020; 60(3):E7-E11. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.06.034
  3. Norris J. How Hospitals, Hospices & Care facilities can use Skype to reduce loneliness during the Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. BMJSPCblog 2020.03.15
  4. Rosa WE, Ferrell BR, Applebaum AJ. The alleviation of suffering during the COVID-19 pandemic. Palliative Care and Supportive Care. Palliative and Supportive Care 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1478951520000462
  5. Wu Y, Wang J, Luo C, Hu S, Lin X, Anderson AE, Bruera E, Yang X, Wei S, Qian Y. A comparison of burnout frequency among oncology physicians and nurses working on the front lines and usual wards during the COVID-19 epidemic in Wuhan, China. JPSM 2020; 60(1):E60-E65. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.04.008
15. Symptom Management
  1. British Medical Journal - Managing COVID-19 Symptoms(including at the end of life) in the community: summary of NICE guidelines. BMJ 2020; 369 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m1461 (Published 20 April 2020)
  2. Hetherington L, Johnston B, Kotronoulas G, Finlay F, Keeley P, McKeown A. COVID-19 and Hospital Palliative Care – A service evaluation exploring the symptoms and outcomes of 186 patients and the impact of the pandemic on specialist Hospital Palliative Care. Palliative Medicine 2020, Vol. 34(9) 1256–1262. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269216320949786
  3. Lovell N, Maddocks M, Etkind SN, Taylor K, Carey I, Vora V, Marsh L, Higginson IJ, Prentice W, Edmonds P, Sleeman KE. Characteristics, symptom management and outcomes of 101 patients with COVID-19 referred for hospital palliative care. JPSM 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.04.015
  4. Schoenherr LA, Cook A, Peck S, Humphreys J, Goto Y, Saks NT, Huddleston L, Elia G, Pantilat SZ. Proactive Identification of Palliative Care Needs among Patients with COVID-19 in the ICU. JPSM 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.06.008
  5. Strang P, Bergström J, Lundström S. Symptom Relief Is Possible in Elderly Dying COVID-19 Patients: A National Register Study. JPM 2020;Volume XX (XX):1-6. DOI: 10.1089/jpm.2020.0249
  6. Ting R, Edmonds P, Higginson IJ, Sleeman KE. Palliative care for patients with severe covid-19. BMJ 2020; 370 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m2710 (Published 14 July 2020)
16. Telemedicine
  1. Hollander JE, Carr BG. Virtually Perfect? Telemedicine for Covid-19. NEJM 2020 (in press) DOI: 10.1056/NEJMp2003539
  2. Wang Samuel S.Y., Teo Wendy Z.W., Teo Winnie Z.Y., Chai Yong Woon. Virtual Reality as a Bridge in Palliative Care during COVID-19. JPM 2020 https://doi.org/10.1089/jpm.2020.0212
17. Universal Health Coverage
  1. Rosa WE, Davidson PM. Nursing and Health Policy Perspectives. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): strengthening our resolve to achieve universal palliative care. International Nursing Review (INR) 2020
18. Vulnerable Groups
  1. Ekberg K, Weinglass L, Ekberg S, Danby S, Herbert A. The pervasive relevance of COVID-19 within routine paediatric palliative care consultations during the pandemic: A conversation analytic study. PMJ 2020. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269216320950089
  2. Escobio F, Nouvet E. Ebola virus disease and palliative care in humanitarian crises. Lancet 2019;393:1100. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(19)30295-8
  3. Goldenberg DL. COVID-19: What It Means for Diabetics, The Obese and Those with Other Immune Diseases. Practical Pain Management (PPM) April 2020
  4. Kunz R, Minder M. COVID-19 Pandemic: palliative care for elderly and frail patients at home and in residential and nursing homes. Swiss Med Wkly 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4414/smw.2020.20235
  5. Nouvet, Elysée, Mollie Sivaram, Kevin Bezanson, Gautham Krishnaraj, Matthew Hunt, Sonya de Laat, Stephanie Sanger, Laura Banfield, Pedro Favila Escobio Rodriguez, and Lisa J. Schwartz. Palliative care in humanitarian crises: a review of the literature. Journal of International Humanitarian Action 3, 1(2018):5. doi.org/10.1186/s41018-018-0033-8
  6. Rosa WE, Shook A, Acquaviva KD. LGBTQ+ Inclusive Palliative Care in the Context of COVID-19: Pragmatic Recommendations for Clinicians. JPSM 2020. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.04.155
  7. Waldman E, Glass M (eds) - A Field Manual for Palliative Care in Humanitarian Crises (Book). Oxford Medicine Online 2019 DOI: 10.1093/med/9780190066529.001.0001 (open access)
  8. Weaver MS, Wiener L. Applying Palliative Care Principles to Communicate with Children about COVID-19. JPSM 2020; 60(1):E8-E11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.03.020
  9. Wynne KJ, Petrova M, Coghlan R. Dying individuals and suffering populations: applying a population-level bioethics lens to palliative care in humanitarian contexts: before, during and after the COVID-19 pandemic. BJM 2020. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/medethics-2019-105943

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